Adding Release Notes
On the kubernetes/kubernetes repository, release notes are required for any pull request with user-visible changes, this could mean:
- User facing, critical bug-fixes
- Notable feature additions
- Output format changes
- Deprecations or removals
- Metrics changes
- Dependency changes
- API changes
Release notes are one of the most important reference points for users about to install or upgrade to a particular release of Kubernetes.
Does my pull request need a release note?
Any user-visible or operator-visible change qualifies for a release note. This could be a:
- CLI change
- API change
- UI change
- configuration schema change
- behavioral change
- change in non-functional attributes such as efficiency or availability, availability of a new platform
- a warning about a deprecation
- fix of a previous Known Issue
- fix of a vulnerability (CVE)
No release notes are required for changes to the following:
- Build infrastructure
- Fixes for unreleased bugs
Contents of a Release Note
A release note needs a clear, concise description of the change. This includes:
- An indicator if the pull request Added, Changed, Fixed, Removed, Deprecated functionality or changed enhancement/feature maturity (alpha, beta, stable/GA)
- An indicator if there is user Action required
- The name of the affected API or configuration fields, CLI commands/flags or enhancement/feature
- A link to relevant user documentation about the enhancement/feature
Writing Good Release Notes
Good release notes can make a huge difference to the end user. To make sure that your release notes are of the highest possible quality, follow these guidelines.
- Write your release notes in the past tense. For example, use “Added” instead of “Add”, “Fixed” instead of “Fix”, and “Updated” instead of “Update”.
- Include a call to action if there is anything the end user needs to do, along with a link to a blog post or documentation item to provide better context.
- Keep your release notes relevant to the end user.
- Use Markdown to add links and emphasis, to make your release notes more readable and usable.
- Use good grammar and make sure you capitalize the first word of each sentence.
Here are some pull requests with examples of exemplary release notes:
For more tips on writing good release notes, check out the Release Notes Handbook.
Applying a Release Note
kubernetes/kubernetes repository, release notes are required for any pull
request with user-visible changes.
To meet this requirement, do one of the following:
- Add notes in the release notes block, or
- Update the release note label
If you don’t add release notes in the pull request template, the
do-not-merge/release-note-label-needed label is added to your pull request
automatically after you create it. There are a few ways to update it.
To add a release-note section to the pull request description, add your release note beneath the question Does this PR introduce a user-facing change?
For pull requests that require additional action from users switching to the new release, include the string “action required” (case insensitive) in the release note.
For an example, see this pull request.
For pull requests that don’t need to be mentioned at release time, use the
/release-note-none Prow command to add the
release-note-none label to the
PR. You can also write the string “NONE” as a release note in your PR
For an example of a pull request without release notes, take a look at this pull request.
Your release note should be written in clear and straightforward sentences. Most often, users aren’t familiar with the technical details of your PR, so consider what they need to know when you write your release note.
Some brief examples of release notes:
The deprecated flag --conntrack-max has been removed from kube-proxy. Users of this flag should switch to --conntrack-min and --conntrack-max-per-core instead. (#78399, @rikatz) The --export flag for the kubectl get command, deprecated since v1.14, will be removed in v1.18. Fixed a bug that prevents dry-run from being honored for the pod/eviction sub-resource. (#76969, @apelisse)
Pull Request titles and body comments can be modified at any time prior to the release to make them friendly for release notes.
The release notes team maintains a template for Kubernetes Release notes that may help clarify whether or not your PR requires a release note. The most recent Kubernetes Release notes can also provide insight into the writing style for release notes.
Release notes apply to pull requests on the master branch. For patch release
branches the automated cherry-pick pull requests process (see the
should be followed. That automation will pull release notes from the master
branch PR from which the cherry-pick originated. On a rare occasion a pull
request on a patch release branch is not a cherry-pick, but rather is targeted
directly to the non-master branch and in this case, a
release-note-* label is
required for that non-master pull request.
Reviewing Release Notes
Reviewing the release notes of a pull request should be a dedicated step in the overall review process. It is necessary to rely on the same metrics as other reviewers to be able to distinguish release notes which might need to be rephrased.
As a guideline, a release notes entry needs to be rephrased if one of the following cases apply:
- The release note does not communicate the full purpose of the change.
- The release note has no impact on any user.
- The release note is grammatically incorrect.
In any other case the release note should be fine.
- Behind The Scenes: Kubernetes Release Notes Tips & Tricks - Mike Arpaia, Kolide (KubeCon 2018 Lightning Talk)
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